HMAS Adelaide (II) was a long-range escort frigate with roles including area air defence, anti-submarine warfare, surveillance, reconnaissance, and interdiction. The Ship could simultaneously counter threats from the air, surface and sub-surface.
Built in the United States, Adelaide (II) was commissioned on 15 November 1980 and was the first of six Adelaide Class guided-missile frigates to be delivered to the Royal Australian Navy. Adelaide (II) was the second ship in the Royal Australian Navy to carry this name. The first was a light cruiser that served from 1922 to 1945.
Along with her five sister ships, HMAS Canberra (II), HMAS Sydney, HMAS Darwin, HMAS Melbourne and HMAS Newcastle, Adelaide< (II) was powered by gas turbines for it's main propulsion. Guided-missile frigates could be underway from a cold start in less than 30 minutes. In addition, two forward mounted auxiliary propulsion units provided a secondary means of propulsion and excellent manoeuvrability in confined waters.
Adelaide (II) was equipped with a number of sensors that included long range radars for air and surface surveillance, electronic warfare and optical surveillance systems, a medium range sonar and a command and control system, that incorporated target data received by data link from other ships and aircraft.
The principal weapons installed in Adelaide (II) were the Standard medium-range anti-aircraft missile and the Harpoon anti-shipping missile. Both missiles were launched from the Mk 13 launcher on the forecastle. A 76mm gun to counter both air and surface threats was fitted forward of the funnel. A 20mm Phalanx close-in-weapons-system, Nulka decoy and chaff systems were fitted for anti-missile defence. Adelaide (II) had a capacity for two S-70B-2 Seahawk helicopters and was fitted with two sets of Mk 32 triple torpedo tubes to provide a counter to submarines.
Adelaide (II) was the first guided-missile frigate to be home-ported in Western Australia.
The ship participated in the 1990/91 Gulf War, peacekeeping operations in East Timor in 1999 and was deployed to the Arabian Gulf as part of the International Coalition against Terrorism in 2001 and 2004.
|Classification||Guided Missile Frigate (FFG)|
|Launched||21 June 1978|
|Commissioned||15 November 1980|
|Decommissioned||19 January 2008|
|Speed||30 knots or 55.56 km/h|
All extracts from the Royal Australian Navy Web Site